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Balance sheet template

Balance sheet

Keep your financials under control with a balance sheet template. Understand where your money goes and keep your business profitable.

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Balance sheet is one of the most important documents showing company's financial health. It meticulously outlines a company's assets, liabilities, and shareholder equity, adhering to the fundamental accounting equation: Assets = Liabilities + Equity. This equation signifies that a company's assets are financed through a combination of debts (liabilities) and the investments of its owners (equity).

What Is Balance Sheet and Why Is It Used?

A balance sheet is a financial statement that provides an insight into company's finances at a specific point in time. A balance sheet serves as a valuable tool for capturing and organizing financial information in a clear, structured, and easily understandable format.

Balance sheets provide a standardized framework for presenting company's financial position, enabling effective communication with stakeholders, and analysis of its current assets.

It is one of the three main financial statements, alongside the income statement and cash flow statement.

The Three Main Components of a Balance Sheet

The balance sheet equation goes as follows:

Assets = Liabilities + Equity

The balance sheet shows how company's assets are financed through either debt (liabilities) or equity. It is a crucial tool for investors, creditors, and analysts to assess a company's liquidity, solvency, and overall financial stability. Keep in mind that the balance sheet is dynamic and changes as a company engages in financial transactions over time.

Here's a breakdown of the key components:


These represent what the company owns or controls and can be divided into two main categories:

  1. Current assets: Assets expected to be converted into cash or cash equivalents and used up within one year, including cash, accounts receivable, and inventory.

  2. Non-current assets: Long-term assets not expected to be converted into cash or used up within one year, such as property, plant, equipment, and intangible assets.

Other assets may include inventory, investments, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, accumulated depreciation, tangible assets, Property, Plant, and Equipment (PP&E), goodwill, and other miscellaneous assets not fitting standard categories.


These represent the company's obligations or debts and are also divided into two main categories:

  1. Current liabilities: Debts and obligations expected to be settled within one year, including accounts payable, short-term loans, and accrued liabilities.

  2. Non-current liabilities: Long-term liabilities such as debts and obligations not expected to be settled in more than a year, such as long-term loans and deferred tax liabilities.


This represents the residual interest in the assets of the entity after deducting liabilities. It includes items like common stock, retained earnings, and additional paid-in capital. The net value of a company is frequently symbolized through equity.

The Importance of Balance Sheet

A balance sheet is important for several reasons:

  1. It provides a comprehensive overview of financials. The balance sheet lists all your business assets, liabilities, and equity, and it shows how these items are interrelated. This information can be used to assess a company's health.

  2. Helps investors and creditors assess a financial risk. Investors and creditors are interested in a company's ability to meet its financial obligations. The balance sheet can provide valuable insights into a company's liquidity and solvency, which are important factors in assessing risk.

  3. It helps managers make informed business decisions. Managers can use the balance sheet to track the company's financial performance over time, identify trends, and make strategic decisions about resource allocation, financing, and investment.

  4. It is required by accounting standards. All publicly traded companies are required to prepare and file balance sheets with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This makes the balance sheet a public document that can be used by a variety of stakeholders.

  5. Balance sheets work as key tools for financial analysis. Financial analysts use the balance sheet in conjunction with other statements, such as the income statement and the cash flow statement, to analyze business financial performance and make investment decisions.

In summary, a company's balance sheet is one of the most important financial documents that help understand profitability, what your company generates and what are loses, how much financial risk your business is at, and help make informed business decisions.

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Preparing a Balance Sheet: Practical Steps

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to properly prepare a balance sheet. Taking the right steps will help you ensure clarity and avoid mistakes in your financial evidence.

Gather Financial Data

The first and most important step is to collect all the necessary information.

What to include in your balance sheet? Except the three basic components (assets, liabilities, and equities) you can gather any information that can help you calculate needed ratios.

This can be, for example, net worth of your business, short term obligations, accounts payable, total assets, short term assets, total liabilities, shareholders equity, long term investments, fixed assets, liquid assets and liabilities.

The list can go on and on and whatever you'll need, depends on your financial awareness and needs.

Remember, that you may not need to include all that information on your balance sheet template. However, this type of data can help you get a better insight into your company finances and better categorize your expenses. That way, you'll ensure your balance sheet is accurate.

Use the Right Tools

When it comes to creating a balance sheet, you have several tools at your disposal. If you're looking for a typical and widely used option, Microsoft Excel is a solid choice. Its spreadsheet functionality makes it easy to organize financial data and perform calculations. However, it's best if you're familiar with all the complicated Excel formulas and financial ratios.

If you're into cloud-based solutions, Google Sheets is another excellent option. It allows collaboration in real-time and offers a variety of templates to get you started quickly.

Hovever, the best solution is to use time tracking software like TimeCamp. These tools often come with features tailored for creating and managing financial statements, including balance sheets. They're also good for tax purposes.

Remember, the choice depends on your specific needs and preferences. Each tool has its strengths, so it might be worth exploring a couple to see which aligns best with your workflow.

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To make sure your balance sheet is accurate, always check all the information.

Use debt to equity ratio to check if investments are profitable and how they affect company's total assets and what the company owns and what the company owes.

You can also use other formulas to check all the data you need.

Tracking Expenses for Balance Sheet

Tracking expenses plays a crucial role in maintaining a healthy balance sheet. Not only does it help you stay on top of your spendings, but also provides a clear picture of where your money is going.

By meticulously recording expenses, you gain insights into your financial habits and can identify areas where you might be overspending. This awareness empowers you to make informed decisions and adjust your budget accordingly, ensuring a balanced financial position.

Expense tracking is essential for creating accurate balance sheets. It allows for a comprehensive overview of a company's situation, aiding in strategic decision-making.

👉 Remember, investors and stakeholders often rely on these balance sheets to assess the stability and viability of a business and whether it's worth investing.

How to Track Expense for Balance Sheet?

Managing expenses for an accurate balance sheet involves a strategic approach. Here's how to track expenses smartly to have an organized system:

  • Categorize your expenses. This lays the foundation for organized tracking.

  • Choose a tracking method. You can opt for traditional methods like a spreadsheet or embrace the convenience of expense tracking apps. Time and expense tracking app such as TimeCamp can automate the process, saving you time and reducing the chances of manual errors.

  • Keep receipts and documentation. TimeCamp lets you keep all receipts, invoices, and relevant documentation. This not only helps with accurate tracking but also serves as a backup during audits or when analyzing your financial habits.

  • Regularly update your records. Consistency is key. Set aside time regularly, whether it's weekly or monthly, to update your expense records. This habit ensures that you have real-time insights into your financial situation.

  • Monitor discretionary expenses. Be mindful of on spending on non-essential items. Tracking these expenses gives you the opportunity to identify areas where you can cut back and save more.

  • Account for irregular expenses: Consider irregular or annual expenses such as insurance premiums or property taxes. Allocate a portion of your budget to these expenses each month, so you're prepared when they occur.

  • Regularly reconcile your tracked expenses with your bank statements. This helps catch any discrepancies and ensures that your records align with your actual financial transactions.

  • Use the right software to streamline the process and minimize the chances of errors.

  • Periodically review your expense tracking data. Identify trends, areas for improvement, or potential savings. Adjust your budget accordingly to align with your financial goals.

Tips for Small Business Owners: Simplifying the Complex

While large organizations have large systems and dedicated departments to take care of all the financials, including balance sheet and other financial reports, it gets more tricky for smaller businesses or freelancers.

Take a look a few tips that help you understanding and better use this financial tool for informed decision-making:

  • Don't forget that balance sheet is part of three core financial statements—use them altogether to ensure everything is accurately reported.

  • Use the right balance sheet formula for each category.

  • Balance sheet format should be clear and easy to understand!

  • Follow the latest standards, such as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to keep legal compliance.

  • Try having a sample balance sheet template that you can customize and use for future reference.

  • Always keep track of expenses as evidence for what the company pays for its business activity.

  • Get help if you find it difficult to manage balance sheet on your own. It'll save you lot of stress.

Do You Use Balance Sheet?

By mastering the art of balance sheet analysis, you can navigate the complex landscape of finance with confidence, making informed decisions that can help you grow. It's like the financial compass for businesses, helping everyone involved navigate through the complexities of financial landscapes.

Navigating potential pitfalls, from misinterpreting entries to neglecting vital ratios and industry benchmarks, is essential for accurate financial analysis.

Balance sheet is a dynamic tool that, when wielded effectively, can guide you towards financial success.

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